Like any other repair or improvement project around the house, electrical work requires tools.
For most residential electrical projects, you'll use mostly basic hand tools you already own, such as a hammertape measureleveland screwdrivers. There are also some specialty electrical tools that come in handy from time to time, and these are readily available at most home centers, hardware stores, electrical supply stores, and online retailers. Thing like voltmeters, fish tape, and flashlights can come in handy when you're.
As with any tool purchase, you'll get longer life and better performance from higher-quality tools. Better electrical hand tools, such as wire cutters and linesman pliers, have insulated handles to help guard against shock.
A hammer is used to secure electrical boxes equipped with nail-on brackets to wall studs and other framing members in a home. A small level, such as a torpedo level, fits easily in a tool pouch and is used to make sure your work is level and plumb. A great installation starts with level boxes and straight switch and outlet covers. A torpedo level should be part of every homeowner's standard toolkit; it will have plenty of uses beyond electrical work.
Electrical repair and improvement work involves a lot of dark places, from attics and basements, to wall and ceiling cavities, to the insides of electrical boxes. A tactical flashlight is needed as much for safety as it is for convenience. A couple of hand flashlights and a headlamp are good additions to an DIY electrician's toolbox. Electricians keep screwdrivers with them at all times, for removing and installing cover plates, outlets, switches, and many other devices. It's best to have a few different lengths of Phillips screwdrivers, as well as 1, 2, and 3 tip sizes.
Screwdrivers with insulating rubber jackets covering the handles are designed for better safety when doing electrical work. As with Phillips screwdrivers, you will likely need more than one size of straight-blade screwdrivers.
If you have to choose just one, pick a medium blade; it will suit most projects.
Straight-blade screwdrivers are also available with insulated handles for better safety when doing electrical work. Allen wrenches are used to tighten hex-head screws, which are sometimes found on ceiling fans, light fixtures, and appliances.
It's a good idea to own both a metric and a standard set of Allen wrenches. Tongue-and-groove pliers are known by many names, including channel-lockgroove joint, tongue-and-groove, and straight-jaw pliers.
This tool is most often used for plumbing work, but a pair of tongue-and-groove pliers also has many uses for electrical projects. It will see frequent use for removing knockouts from metal electrical boxes, tightening cable clamps, and adjusting expansion-type ceiling fan boxes.
Perhaps the most important specialty electrical tool you can own is a voltage tester. A voltage tester is used for a quick safety check to make sure there's no voltage in an electrical wire or device before you start working on it.
Non-contact voltage testers, powered by batteries, are the simplest and safest types of testers because they can detect electricity just by being near an outlet slot or wire.
This is a tool every DIYer needs in the toolbox. It will be used for virtually every home electrical repair project. Another essential electrical specialty tool for homeowners is a good pair of wire strippers. Wire strippers are used to cut and strip insulation from electrical wires.To browse Academia.
Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Cliff Mosiori. Solar Radiation Atmospheric effect on Solar Radiation Air Mass Daily and Seasonal Temperature Variations It is an important source of renewable energy and its technologies are broadly characterized as either passive solar or active solar depending on the way they capture and distribute solar energy or convert it into solar power.
Active solar techniques include the use of photovoltaic systems, concentrated solar power and solar water heating to harness the energy. Passive solar techniques include orienting a building to the Sun, selecting materials with favorable thermal mass or light dispersing properties, and designing spaces that naturally circulate air.
These advantages are global. Energy from the Sun About half the incoming solar energy reaches the Earth's surface. The Earth receives petawatts PW of incoming solar radiation insolation at the upper atmosphere. The spectrum of solar light at the Earth's surface is mostly spread across the visible and near-infrared ranges with a small part in the near-ultraviolet.
Earth's land surface, oceans and atmosphere absorb solar radiation, and this raises their temperature.
Warm air containing evaporated water from the oceans rises, causing atmospheric circulation or convection. When the air reaches a high altitude, where the temperature is low, water vapor condenses into clouds, which rain onto the Earth's surface, completing the water cycle. The latent heat of water condensation amplifies convection, producing atmospheric phenomena such as wind, cyclones and anti-cyclones.
By photosynthesis green plants convert solar energy into chemical energy, which produces food, wood and the biomass from which fossil fuels are derived. Inthis was more energy in one hour than the world used in one year.We've been manufacturing solar PV testing solutions for nearly a decade and have become a trusted name within the industry.
Whether you are a residential, commercial or utility scale PV installer, or testing V and V installations, we have a PV testing solution for you. Kings Cross Station Debut For New Solar Test Technology New hand held electrical test instrumentation has been used for the first time as part of the installation of one of the The electrical power produced by a solar PV cell or module is a function of the current I and voltage V characteristics There are various factors that can influence the performance of solar PV modules, including temperature and irradiance The electrical output will vary significantly with changes in the level of in-plane irradiance From trade shows and exhibitions showcasing our latest product innovations through to informative webinars covering legal obligations, managing your check sheets and the benefits of PAT Testing, our events programme is designed to keep you in the know.
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Tools for a Successful Solar Electric Install
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Contact a solar PV specialist now. Contact Us Now. Contact us now. Also available Irradiance Meters. About Solar Testing. What is Solar PV Testing? The term photovoltaic PV refers to a system that uses semiconductor materials to convert light into electricity - resulting in a photovoltaic effect.
PV systems come in varying sizes and formats, so an understanding of PV components and how they are used is needed before PV testing can be performed.
Why do we test solar installations? Solar PV systems have been, and are being, installed in vast numbers all over the World. Such systems are expected to perform for decades, but also during this period, operate safely. Unfortunately, many PV systems have not been correctly installed or placed into service with little ongoing maintenance, which ultimately leads to a loss in potential revenue from the installation but could be a danger to life.
Read More. How do we carry out Solar PV Testing? Unlike most other electrical systems, the DC side of PV cannot always be switched off or made dead to allow electrical testing to be performed — you cannot switch off the Sun. In any case, certain electrical tests require irradiance data Solar power per unit area to be considered as part of the testing procedure when comparing to Standard Test Conditions, STC.
Case Studies. Read more case studies. What is IV Curve Tracing? How does temperature and irradiance affect I-V curves? Why measure solar irradiance? Is periodic inspection of PV installations necessary? The verification of system performance and energy output from the panelOnce the construction permit is approved, you or your solar installation company will have a few preliminary tasks to undertake before the big job begins.
While the installation is a straightforward process, a lot of building and electric codes come into play, so the margin for error is small. For example, if you run out of the proprietary fasteners used on the array racks or rails, or find out that you've rented the wrong diameter of conduit bender, the job will grind to a screeching halt.
So get organized, do your homework, ask a lot of questions, devise a game plan, create a To-Do list, and at the very least have an experienced installer oversee your work.
This section describes the most common type of home PV installation and is divided into the following tasks:. Most solar suppliers have restrictions and deadlines when it comes to returns and exchanges, so as soon as the merchandise arrives:. After measuring voltage on the modules, be sure to re-cover the module glass with its packaging, then leave that in place until the installation.
The NEC and most AHJ's require that solar components be installed according to the instructions provided by the manufacturer. That's because the product engineering specs are based in part on the method of installation used. A building inspector on site may ask to see one or more of these guides, or other product literature, so be sure you insert all the documenation in your construction binder. The binder should contain:.
What Solar Energy Equipment Do I Need to Go Solar?
Take plenty of time to read the literature before you start the installation. Use the instructions to write out a to-do list.
This will allow you to lay out your equipment, hardware and tools in an organized manner as you move through each task For instance, installing a mount requires a certain size socket or drill bit, while attaching wire to terminals requires a specific amount of torque when tightening the screws.
And don't forget to review all the applicable codes discussed back in Step 2 of this tutorial. Whether you're working on your own home, or someone else is working on it, OSHA safety rules should always be observed. A lot can go wrong when installing a solar power system, like falling off a ladder or roof, or getting zapped with electricity or an arc blast.
That's why the OSHA guidelines are no joke. Even if a contractor is liable for any mishaps to the crew, your home is no place for a debilitating injury occur. As a property owner, you have the right to insist on compliance and to report major violations to a higher authority if necessary. Here are the most common rules that should be observed on site:. The ladder should extend at least 3 feet above the roof, so you can grip the extra rails as you climb off or onto the surface.However, you should also educate yourself about the solar energy equipment your system needs to get up and running.
While the components of a PV system are simple, the different product options and brands can make the equipment selection process fairly complex. For an easy guide to comparing and contrasting the top panel brands, check out our complete ranking of the best solar panels on the market.
Some of the factors to consider at as you weigh your options are efficiency, cost, warranty and technology type.
Solar panels will generally be categorized as one of two technologies: monocrystalline and polycrystalline. Both types have the same function and are made from silicon cells, but the outward appearance and price of each is significantly different. Monocrystalline panels are more efficient and more expensive, and come with a dark blue or black tint major manufacturers are SunPower and LG.
Polycrystalline panels, the cheaper and less efficient option, are a lighter blue hue major manufacturers are SolarWorld and Hanwha. However, most homes and businesses are wired to use alternating current AC power. That conversion from DC to AC is where inverters come into play, and there are several options to compare :. Homeowners are often surprised to learn that their solar panels are not nailed directly onto their roof but instead mounted onto racking equipment. Racking allows your solar installer to optimally angle solar panels for maximum performance and also helps to attach the array to your roof without causing damage.
Solar panels will ideally face south at an angle of between 30 and 50 degrees. With ground mount solar, you can choose between fixed and track mounts.
One of the best reasons to go solar is the experience of watching your electric bills diminish over time. Having a good performance monitoring system is a key interest for solar homeowners. This nifty piece of solar energy equipment reports the hourly electricity production of your solar system.
In addition to being a fun way to watch your panels power your home, monitoring systems allow you to recognize potential performance issues and ensure maximum electricity production.
There are two forms of monitoring system: on-site monitors, where the system is installed with your panels, and remote monitors, where your system is tracked through the cloud and can be monitored online. Many homeowners interested in solar want to include some form of energy storage that will allow their solar panels to offer power during night time and disadvantageous weather.
While many states offer net meteringwhich allows homeowners to use the electrical power grid as backup storage for their solar array, adding a battery to your solar system can make more sense or may be your only storage option in some cases. Solar-plus-storagealso referred to as solar batteries, are typically offered as either lead acid or lithium ion technologies such as the Tesla Powerwall.
Price and efficiency are the deciding factors between the two options — lithium ion is the current favorite with regard to popularity but is undoubtedly more expensive.
Although the physical hardware of a solar installation contributes the most to the overall cost of going solarsolar energy equipment and technology does not cost as much as you might think. The materials for your installation will generally only contribute 25 percent of the gross cost of a system. The reason: other soft costs that are incorporated into the overall price for solar contractors such as advertising budgets, training certifications and hours of labor.
To figure out what your specific system will cost, try our Solar Calculator — this tool uses your electricity consumption and factors in real-time market prices to offer an instant solar estimate. I am looking for a standard list of equipment needed for whole house solar electric only.Due to time spent back on the tools to support our family,and not being able to provide the level of service to our customers, we have made the decision to close Tools Online at the EOFY.
If we can assist you with anything in t he meantime please feel free to contact us and we will do our best. We will send out a members email shortly with some extra deals. Check out our selected Solar Installation Tools and Equipment. These tools have been tried and tested and prove to be the best value.
Low Voltage Rescue Kit is used for safe rescue of victims of electric shock or other injuries when working on LV switchboards in electricity supply and industrial substations. Retrieving the victim Providing essential first aid High quality fibreglass crook tested and rated for LV use Insulated handle makes it easy to identify which end to hold in an emergency.
High quality torch for maximum visibility battery supplied. All items to hand in convenient carry bag Meets regulatory requirements for electrical safety. Just when you thought "you can't improve a pair of pliers". Dont Miss Out. Kyoritsu digital clamp meter R. SKU R. SKU KT Weight 0. See More Tools for solar installations. SKU Qty Out of Stock. These tools have been tried and tested and prove to be the best value tools and equipment for doing solar installations.
Weight 1. Customer Reviews. Submit a Review For security purposes, we ask that you enter the security code that is shown in the graphic. Please enter the code exactly as it is shown in the graphic. Enter Code. Telescopic Service Pole Fuse Puller 7. SKU TS Weight 2. SKU Reel Specifications Dimensions Heightmm Widthmm x mm Max cable reel size mm diameter x mm wide Cable reel weight 20KG Material super strong UV and petrochemical resistant Polypropylene plastic, non conductive.
Features Benefits Reel stand Always ready to use for cable, barricade tape, rope Workstation Slide drawer out and have access to all your tools and a handy work bench. Saves bending your back. Slide out reversable lockable drawer Keeps tools protected.
You can work longer and faster in awkward positions without putting unnecessary stresses on your body.More than a million homes have already gone solar in the U.
Solar panel installation guide: how to install solar panels in 5 steps
There are five big steps that need to happen after you sign your solar contract before the solar panels on your roof can actually power your home, and a lot of it is behind the scenes. There are five major steps to a solar installation that your chosen solar company will generally follow:. If you hear from an installer that they need to upgrade the electrical panel, that means that your new solar panels will require more amps of current and the ampere capacity of your electrical box will need to increase.
Additionally, though an engineer will typically come by, in some cases the installer can take photos of the property and conduct their own measurements of the roof and the engineer will be okay with signing off without doing his or her own visit.
As with any big financial decision, installing solar panels involves a lot of paperwork. These permits are specific to where you live. For example, certain states require that a roof has three feet of clear space surrounding the solar panels, whereas other areas of the U. Before you can connect your solar panels to the electric grid, a representative from your town government will need to inspect the system and give approval.
He or she will verify that the electrical wiring was done correctly, the mounting was safely and sturdily attached, and the overall install meets standard electrical and roof setback codes. Following this local inspection, you will be ready for official grid interconnection. Why go through the one to three-month process of installing solar on your home?
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